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Dacrylate Paints Ltd.


Lead Chromate pigments in industrial paints


Pigment Yellow (lead sulfochromate yellow) and Pigment Red 104 (lead chromate molybdate sulfate red) have been used in some industrial paints for many years. The introduction of the REACH regulation by the EU raised concerns whether their use would be allowed to continue.

DCC Maastricht BV, representing Dominion Colour Corporation (DCC), has been granted an authorisation under the REACH regulation to place on the market these substances and for these to be used in industrial and professional paints for specified used for 7 and 4 years respectively*. Paints imported or manufactured in the EU that contain the substances must use DCC pigments as only they have been granted the authorisation.

This article is a short summary of the impact the authorisation will have on some of our products. We provide extensive information with our products when acquired directly, however if you have acquired a Dacrylate product through one of our Distributors and require further information please contact them directly in the first instance.

Who can buy and/or use paints containing Pigment Yellow 34 and Pigment Red 104?

Only industrial or professional users can buy paints containing these substances where an:

Industrial user: Workers who use chemical products in an industrial site, which can be large or small** for example a production line situation.
Professional users: Skilled/trained workers who use chemical products outside an industrial setting** for example a professional painter/maintenance works for non-consumer applications.

It is illegal to sell paints containing these substances to consumers (ie. the general public) or for the general public to use them.

Where can paints containing these substances be used?

Paints containing these substances can only bused for:

Industrial application onto metal surfaces: Such as machines, vehicles, structures, signs, road furniture, coil coatings, etc.
Professional (non-consumer) application of paints on metal surfaces: Such as machines, vehicles, structures, signs, road furniture, etc., or as road markings.

Use is permitted provided that the performance of the pigment in a premix, paint or painted article (eg. colour, durability, hiding power, heat stability) is technically achieveable only by using that substance and that the performance is necessary for the intended use.

Where can't paints containing these substances be used?

Paints containing the substances must not be used for any other purpose, including:

Waterborne paints or powder coatings
Paints for sale to, or use by, the consumer
Paints for non-metallic substances;
such as concrete (unless they are roads), wood, plastic, ceramic, glass, paper, tiles, brick, block, plaster, etc.
On any 'consumer' product
Where there is another regulation;
for example, electronic items, toys, packaging, food contact, local enforcement regulations, etc.

How long does the authorisation last for?

Paints are allowed to be supplied containing these substances until 21 May 2019 to professional users or 21 May 2022 to industrial users. This could be extended should DCC re-apply for continued use in these specialised applications.

What we do

As a responsible business, Dacrylate provides information down the supply chain on its safe use, by way of safety datasheets and exposure scenarios. This is the same as for all hazardous paints and other mixtures.


If you use paint containing these substances, there are a number of obligations to be carried out including but not limited to (see References below):

Register with ECHA that you use paints containing these substances; via their website https://echa.europa.eu/support/dossier-submission-tools/reach-it/downstream-user-authorised-use
Supply to ECHA a detailed justification of the need to use paints containing these substances by 30 June 2017
Perform air monitoring and biological monitoring of staff involved in using paints containing these substances and be prepared to pass this information to ECHA
Follow the risk management measures (RMMs) and Operational Conditions (OCs) as outlined in the safety datasheets provided
(which will include information from DCC). This may require the use of engineering controls and personal protective equipment (PPE).

Are there alternatives?

There are no direct weight-for-weight replacements with identifical properties to these substances that is why the authorisations have been granted. We have been actively developing alternatives, which are available. For details and to discuss your requirements please contact us.



This article does not cover other authorised uses in hot melt road marking and plastic master batching.
This article is an introductory summary only and is believed to be correct at the time of writing and provided in good faith, but guidance and regulation in this area continues to evolve. Please refer to the detailed regulatory texts, guidance and documents supplied by various organisations including EU, ECHA, DCC Maastricht BV.


*Commission Implementing Decision of 7 September 2016 granting an authorisation for some uses of lead sulfochromate yellow and of lead chromate molybdate sulphate red under Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and Council.
**Chemical safety in your business an introduction for SMEs; ECHA 2015
***DDC Maastricht BV letter 27 September 2016


Source: British Coatings Federation (BCF) Information Note, The use of lead sulfochromate yellow and lead chromate molybdate sulfate red pigments in industrial paints, December 2016

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